Large cities annually produce 5 to 10 million tons of waste. The formation of large amounts of industrial and domestic waste is a direct threat to environmental and health safety of cities. Landfills continue to occupy more and more territories, and they are a source of environmental hazard. Thus, industrial organic and municipal solid waste can be effectively disposed to generate heat and electricity.
Incineration of waste by the developed technology allows to make the area of landfills dozens of times less and to obtain thermal energy. By calorific value, 10.5 tons of municipal solid waste are equivalent to 1 ton of oil; household waste has only 2 times less caloric content than coal; approximately 5 tons of waste when combusted generate as much heat as 2 tons of coal or 1 ton of liquid fuel.